Roger Martin calls for a “scientific revolution” in business thinking … organisations as systems, and strategy as execution
September 27, 2018
The European Business Forum is the premier meeting place for business leaders in Europe. It brings together the continent’s top business people with the world’s leading management gurus in “the Davos of business thinking”.
The forum is hosted by Thinkers50, the world’s leading network of business thinkers, and located in Odense, Denmark. The home of Hans Christian Andersen, and now one of Europe’s leading robotics hub, is the perfect place to write the story of the future.
In this year’s European Business Lecture, Roger Martin called for a “scientific revolution” in business thinking … with a dramatic shift to organisations as systems, strategy as execution, and projects as the norm.
Roger Martin is the world’s #1 business thinker, as ranked globally by Thinkers50, and argued the need for three “scientific revolutions” in business thinking.
He started from Thomas Kuhn’s view that in all fields, the majority of people in the field converge over time on a dominant way of conceptualizing the field. When that happens, all the thinking and research in the field works away at honing and refining the dominant model, what he called “normal science.” But over time, application of the model in the real world results in anomalies – things that you wouldn’t expect based on the dominant model, often the opposite of what the model would predict. When enough of those anomalies occur, someone in the field breaks rank and comes up with a very different model that addresses the anomalies.
The three scientific models are:
- The Organization as a Machine
- Strategy vs. Execution
- Flat Jobs as the Organizing Principle for work
Martin believes that this is a ‘scientific revolution’ that produces a ‘paradigm shift’ or a step-function improvement in the results that the new model produces in comparison to the old dominant model. It tends to be a bloody war around the time of the ‘scientific revolution’ as the practitioners of the dominant model attempt to defend it against the paradigm shift.
He argued that we need to switch to:
- The Organization as a Complex Adaptive System
- Strategy and Execution are the same task
- Projects as the Organizing Principle for work
He said in business, we are seeing the degradation of effectiveness and the production of deeply problematic anomalies with respect to three dominantly-held business models. He showed the model and illustrated the anomalies that they are producing. And be argued for a different model to replace each. Of course this is controversial because most business people inevitably leap to the defense of the dominant model – and argue as they always do that the dominant model just isn’t being applied properly or intensively enough.
The speech marked the climax to two days of active and stretch thinking by many of the world’s top business academics – including Canada’s blockchain guru Don Tapscott, to Switzerland’s business model champion, Alex Osterwalder – and Europe’s business leaders – such as Google’s President in Europe, Matt Britten, and Siemens and Maersk’s chairman Jim Hagemann Snabe.
Roger serves as the Institute Director of the Martin Prosperity Institute and the Michael Lee-Chin Family Institute for Corporate Citizenship at the Rotman School of Management and the Premier’s Chair in Productivity & Competitiveness. From 1998 to 2013, he served as Dean. In 2013, he was named global Dean of the Year by the leading business school website, Poets & Quants. He has published 11 books the most recent of which is Creating Great Choices (2017). Roger is a trusted strategy advisor to the CEOs of companies worldwide including Procter & Gamble, Lego and Verizon.
Other speakers at this year’s European Business Forum included:
- Don Tapscott, author of Blockchain Revolution, the world’s #2 business guru
- Alex Osterwalder, co-author of Business Model Generation, and #7 business guru
- Matt Brittin,President of Google EMEA, one of Europe’s top business leaders
- Jim Hagemann Snabe, Chairman of AP Moller-Maersk, and Siemens AG
- Mikael Trolle, CEO of Volleyball Denmark, co-author of Dreams & Details with Jim Snabe.
- Martin Lindstrøm, Brand futurist, one of TIME’s 100 most influential people in the word
- Whitney Johnson, Harvard expert on personal disruption, author of Build an A-team.
- Chris Zook, Bain & Co partner, author of The Founders Mentality
- Johanna Mair, Social innovation expert, editor of the Stanford Social Innovation Review
- Alexandra Christina, co-author of the The Sincerity Edgeat Stanford University Press
- Tania de Jong, Founder and CEO Creative Universe
- Jimmy Maymann-Holler, Previously CEO of Huff Post and EVP of AOL, chairman of TV2
- Javier Goyeneche, President & Founder of EcoAlf
- Sasja Beslik, Head of Sustainable Finance at Nordea
- Andrew Shipilov, INSEAD professor, author of Network Advantage
- Esben Østergaard, founder and CTO of Universal Robots
- Andrew McCarthy, IE Business school, expert in Design, Creativity & Innovation
- Tanyer Sonmezer, CEO at Management Centre Türkiye (MCT)
- Peter Fisk, forum host, innovation and growth expert, author ofGamechangers
- Stuart Crainer and Des Dearlove, Thinkers50 founders, curating the bestideas