Doughnut economics … creating a safe and just space for humanity, above the minimum living standard, and below the ecological limits of the planet
March 9, 2020
The doughnut economics model is defined by a doughnut – the ones with a whole in the centre.
In the model that inner limits of the ring are defined by minimum living standards (SDGs) and outer ring defines ecological limits of the planet, and in between is “the safe and just space” for humanity.
Humanity’s 21st century challenge is to meet the needs of all within the means of the planet.
In other words, to ensure that no one falls short on life’s essentials (from food and housing to healthcare and political voice), while ensuring that collectively we do not overshoot our pressure on Earth’s life-supporting systems, on which we fundamentally depend – such as a stable climate, fertile soils, and a protective ozone layer.
The “doughnut” of social and planetary boundaries is a playfully serious approach to framing that challenge, and it acts as a compass for human progress this century.
The doughnut was originally developed by economist Kate Raworth:
- Nature Climate Change interview on the implications of the doughnut
- Centre for Humans and Nature article on what Doughnut Economics implies for economic growth
- State of the World 2013 chapter on planetary and social boundaries as a 21st century compass
- Guardian blog presenting the doughnut in the context of the UN’s Rio+20 conference
- Guardian podcast on planetary and social boundaries